- I noticed at the beginning of this school year that my students were really struggling with writing – more than I've seen in years past,” said Ms. Zappia. “I know that the past two years have been difficult and not all our students had the academic supports they normally would. I realized that the process of teaching writing this year needed to be different to give them enough support to be successful.”
The goal of graphic organizers is to give students support with writing, but the idea is to taper it back more and more until students are able to answer prompts with less support.
To create the organizers, she first looks at the writing prompt for each week’s quiz, which she then breaks down to create scaffolded questions that help students build a paragraph to fully answer the prompt. Each of the questions helps them draft a sentence for their paragraph.
For example, if the original prompt asks how the author develops the theme throughout the story, the scaffold questions could be: What lesson did the character learn? What evidence shows what lesson the character learned? What is the universal lesson?
“They are helping students construct a well-written paragraph and providing the guidance and structure that they need right now to be successful,” said Ms. Zappia. “They are also allowing students who, before the graphic organizers, could only write one or two well-written sentences, now write a complete paragraph that fully answers the prompt. They are helping students be successful where before they were really struggling. Students are showing so much pride in their writing now and are more motivated to write because they are seeing themselves be successful.”
Her favorite part of the whole thing is seeing her students get excited about their own writing, and she’s seen a big difference in their writing since the beginning of the school year. But the impact doesn’t stop in her classroom – her idea has expanded to other grades at Alliance. Middle school and third grade classes have adjusted them to meet the needs of their scholars.
Alliance Academy of Cincinnati, a school in Cincinnati, Ohio, is a partner school in the National Heritage Academies network of over 90 tuition-free, public charter schools across nine states, serving more than 60,000 students in kindergarten through 12th grade. For more information, visit nhaschools.com.
Keep up the excellent work, Ms. Zappia!